Inferno: Canto 22 Summary & Analysis Next. And the good Master said to me: 'Now creep Behind a rocky splinter for a screen; So from their knowledge thou thyself shalt keep. 195 Canto XXI Inferno Così di ponte in ponte, altro parlando che la mia comedìa cantar non cura, 3 venimmo; e tenavamo âl colmo, quando restammo per veder lâaltra fessura my Leader to me said, And drew me thence close to him. So scullions by the cooks are set to trim The caldrons and with forks the pieces steep Down in the water, that they may not swim. Unlike the statue of Time (_Inf._ xiv. commanded all the rest My Leader charged me thus: 'Thou, from thy seat Where 'mid the bridge's ribs thou crouchest low, Rejoin me now in confidence complete.' Summary. Itwas in Dante's time optional to reckon from the incarnation or the birthof Christ. And he: 'I would not fear should fill thy mind; Let them grin all they will, and all they can; 'Tis at the wretches in the pitch confined.' Inferno 22.31 – Inferno 22.151: the secondary story-arc is confined to canto 22 and is the story of what happens between a particular sinner and the devils who capture him; this story-arc begins in Inferno 22.31 and concludes at the end of the canto 22. He is sure that he laughed to himself as he wrote theCanto. Com._ In Lucca the officials that were called Priorsin Florence, were named Elders. This alderman is a barrator, who made money from hidden deals and from grabbing money in secret. While down upon it fixedly I gazed, 'Beware, beware!' Thither I some of mine will straightway send To see that none peer forth to breathe the air: Go on with them; you they will not offend. Dante's Divine Comedy is divided into three parts: Inferno, ... Or you may simply select a Canto, and you will be brought to our main Poem Browser starting at line 1 for that Canto. The demons summon another of their numbers; this demon, named Belzecue, protects them and allows them to pass. Canto XXI. Parafrasi del Canto XXI dell’Inferno – Dante e Virgilio attraversano la quinta bolgia dove, immersi nella pece bollente, si trovano i barattieri, sotto la guardia dei diavoli Malebranche. So dark, in fact, that Dante takes a good long time comparing it to the color of the tar manufactured by the Venetian arsenal and used to fix their ships. He answered grossly as with trumpet blast. Virgil suddenly pulls Dante aside and cries, “Look out!” A winged demon, carrying an alderman, is moving quickly behind Dante. Canto XXI.  _Malebranche_: Evil Claws, the name of the devils who have thesinners of this Bolgia in charge. SeePhilalethes, _Gött. See _Inf._ v.15, _note_. Who are the characters in Canto 3 of Dante's Inferno? The other sank, then rose with back bent round; But from beneath the bridge the devils cried: 'Not here the Sacred Countenance is found, One swims not here as on the Serchio's tide; So if thou wouldst not with our grapplers deal Do not on surface of the pitch abide.' The default is 15 (5 terzine). But if it please you further to pass on, Over this rocky ridge advancing climb To the next rib, where passage may be won. Discussion and Analysis Inferno: Canto XXI | SparkNotes Conversing still from bridge to bridge we went; But what our words I in my Comedy Care not to tell. Continuando a parlare di cose che la «Comedía» non riporta, Dante e Virgilio arrivano sul culmine («il colmo») del ponte che dà sulla quinta bolgia, e guardando giù Dante la vede «mirabilmente oscura» a causa di una pece nera che vi bolle gonfiandosi spesso in superficie. Canto 21 dell'Inferno. Money or an advantage gained or yielded by unscrupulous means. Turning around, he saw a black demon racing up, carrying a sinner which he cast into the pool, calling out to the other deomns, the Malebranche, that it was an elder of Saint Zita. I due pellegrini giungono sul ponte che scavalca la quinta bolgia, straordinariamente buia a causa della pece bollente che ne occupa … Themes and Colors Key LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Inferno, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Virgil instructs Dante to hide and wait; Virgil confronts the demons directly and explains that he and Dante must pass. While Dante was watching the tar, Virgil warned him to look out.  _Yestreen, etc._: This is the principal passage in the _Comedy_for fixing the date of the journey. Inferno, ventunesimo canto: commento e riassunto in prosa.  _Save Bonturo_, _barrates, etc._: It is the barrators, those whotrafficked in offices and sold justice, that are punished in thisBolgia. When the journey recommences, the demons bid each other good-bye by sticking out their tongues. Whereon I to rejoin him was not slow; And then the devils, crowding, came so near, I feared they to their paction false might show. With all my body braced I closer stood To him, my Leader, and intently eyed The aspect of them, which was far from good. They wrought their evil deeds under all kinds ofveils and excuses, and are now themselves effectually buried out ofsight. He brought it to the coast atJoppa, where it was received by a vessel without sail or oar, which,with its sacred freight, floated westwards and was next seen at the portof Luna. Suddenly, a raging demon appears, and Virgil hides Dante behind a large rock so he can go to the demons and make a deal for their safe passage. Summary  _Alichino, etc._: The names of the devils are all descriptive:Alichino, for instance, is the Swooper; but in this and the next Cantowe have enough of the horrid crew without considering too closely howthey are called. There is a great deal of symbolism and metaphor in Cantos XXVI and XXVII, perhaps more than anywhere else in Inferno. He shot him down, and o'er the cliff began To run; nor unchained mastiff o'er the ground, Chasing a robber, swifter ever ran. The book refers to him as "one of Santa Zita's Elders" because Santa Zita is the patron saint of Lucca. Belzecue tells them that five hours from this time (minus one day) will mark the time that an earthquake occurred 1266 years ago. He said; and then to us: 'No way is found Further along this cliff, because, undone, All the sixth arch lies ruined on the ground. ©2021 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  _Formerly, etc._: On the occasion of his previous descent (_Inf._ix. 22). You, Alichin and Calcabrin, prepare To move,' he bade; 'Cagnazzo, thou as well; Guiding the ten, thou, Barbariccia, fare.  _What will this, etc._: As if he said: What good will this delaydo him in the long-run? As the two travelers leave, they see the demons stick out their tongues at Belzecue, who plays a bugle as they leave. He was still living in 1314. Dante Alighieri (1265–1321).The Divine Comedy.  _From bridge to bridge_: They cross the barrier separating theFourth from the Fifth Bolgia, and follow the bridge which spans theFifth until they have reached the crown of it. ". You may also select the number of lines you wish to view at a time. Il capolavoro di Dante Alighieri IN ANIMAZIONE 3D! Already a member? It is now, according to the text,twelve hundred and sixty-six years and a day since the crucifixion.Turning to the _Convito_, iv.  _A sinner_: This is the only instance in the _Inferno_ of thearrival of a sinner at his special place of punishment. Parafrasi del Canto XXI dellâInferno â Dante e Virgilio attraversano la quinta bolgia dove, immersi nella pece bollente, si trovano i barattieri, sotto la guardia dei diavoli Malebranche.Dopo aver visto gettare nella pece un peccatore di Lucca, Virgilio tratta con Malacoda ed ottiene di â¦ 'Best dance down there,' they said the while to him, 'Where, if thou canst, thou on the sly mayst steal.' Then was his haughty spirit so depressed, He let his hook drop sudden to his feet, And, 'Strike him not!'  _The Venetians_: But for this picturesque description of the oldArsenal, and a passing mention of the Rialto in one passage of the_Paradiso_, and of the Venetian coinage in another, it could not begathered from the _Comedy_, with all its wealth of historical andgeographical references, that there was such a place as Venice in theItaly of Dante. I saw it, but distinguished nothing well Except the bubbles by the boiling raised, Now swelling up and ceasing now to swell. With Draghignazzo, Libicocco fell, Fanged Ciriatto, Graffiacane too, Set on, mad Rubicant and Farfarel: Search on all quarters round the boiling glue. Inferno Introduction + Context. A fearsome demon swoops towards the poets and drops a government official of the city of Lucca into the pitch, returning to …  _The Serchio_: The stream which flows past Lucca.  _Darkness, etc._: The pitch with which the trench of the Bolgia isfilled absorbs most of the scanty light accorded to Malebolge. In questo canto scontano la loro pena i barattieri, colpevoli di aver usato le loro cariche pubbliche per arricchirsi attraverso la compravendita di provvedimenti, permessi, privilegi. Inferno Canto XXI p193-198_inferno-integr_p193-198_inferno-integr 20/10/11 10.34 Pagina 194. But of this secondsiege it is only a Pisan commentator that speaks. This is the canto in which Dante and Virgil meet Statius, a Roman poet of the first century, whose liberation from the terrace of Greed has just …  _The sixth bank_: Dante remains on the crown of the archoverhanging the pitch-filled moat. The dim light of the fourth pouch is virtually extinguished when Dante and Virgil reach pouch five. The demon who in parley had drawn nigh Unto my Leader, upon this turned round; 'Scarmiglione, lay thy weapon by!' If the total Commedia is to be thought of as a cathedral, here are the gargoyles. The Inferno Canto XXI. The pitch sticks as close to them as bribes ever did to theirfingers. Dante's Inferno. Who, What, Where? Itwill be remembered that from the precipice enclosing the Malebolge thererun more than one series of bridges or ribs into the central well ofInferno. Inferno [Hell] Canto XXI : ARGUMENT.—Still in the eighth circle, which bears the name of Malebolge, they look down from the bridge that passes over its fifth gulf, upon the barterers or public peculators. 'Alas, my Master, what is this I see?' Canto XXI. Said I, 'Unguided, let us forward set, If thou know'st how. Canto 23. Yestreen, but five hours later than this time, Twelve hundred sixty-six years reached an end, Since the way lost the wholeness of its prime.  _A hundred hooks_: So many devils with their pronged hooks werewaiting to receive the victim. This quake destroyed a bridge without which passage will be difficult. The text begins: From bridge to bridge thus, speaking other things Of which my Comedy cares not to sing, We came along, and held the summit, when We halted to behold another fissure Of Malebolge and other vain laments; And I beheld it marvellously dark. Then passing from the bridge's crown he fared To the sixth bank, and when thereon he stood He needed courage doing what he dared. And fear not thou although with outrage keen I be opposed, for I am well prepared, And formerly have in like contest been.' Belzecue trumpets good-bye with a loud cry. Vittorio Gassman recita e commenta il canto XXI dell' Inferno Dantesco. The dim light of the fourth pouch is virtually extinguished when Dante and Virgil reach pouch five. In this bolgia "a sticky tar was boiling in the ditch / that smeared the banks with viscous residue" (XXI.17-18). The sinners in this trench are punished by darkness, pitch, and demons with forks.  _Unbroken_: Malacoda repeats his lie. ... Canto 21. Even in Lucca there was some difference of opinion asto her merits, and a certain unlucky Ciappaconi was pitched into theSerchio for making fun of the popular enthusiasm about her. The Harvard Classics. The barrators are confined to darkness to symbolize their black, evil deeds that were done under cover. Conversing still from bridge to bridge we went; But what our words I in my Comedy Care not to tell. As the Venetians in their Arsenal Boil the tenacious pitch at winter-tide, To caulk the ships with for repairs that call; For then they cannot sail; and so, instead, One builds his bark afresh, one stops with tow His vessel's ribs, by many a voyage tried; One hammers at the poop, one at the prow; Some fashion oars, and others cables twine, And others at the jib and main sails sew: So, not by fire, but by an art Divine, Pitch of thick substance boiled in that low Hell, And all the banks did as with plaster line. Summary In Canto XXI, Dante and Virgil make their way to the fifth chasm, which is very dark and filled with boiling pitch. The fifth chasm is filled with boiling pitch and in it suffer the barterers and barrators who used their public offices and authority to make money. 23), who professesto follow the account by Saint Luke, to have been at the sixth hour,that is, at noon; thus the time is now seven in the morning. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. They wheeled and down the left hand bank began To march, but first each bit his tongue, and passed The signal on to him who led the van. Analyze the purpose of Dante's "Inferno. ), the Queen ofthe Adriatic had her face set eastwards. Virgil suddenly pulls Dante aside and cries, “Look out!” A winged demon, carrying an alderman, is moving quickly behind Dante. The Inferno Canto XXI. All efforts to approach the bark were vain, till the Bishop ofLucca descended to the seashore, and to him the vessel resigned itselfand suffered him to take the image into his keeping. 195 Canto XXI Inferno Così di ponte in ponte, altro parlando che la mia comedìa cantar non cura, 3 venimmo; e tenavamo ’l colmo, quando restammo per veder l’altra fessura This is held by Dante (_Convito_ iv. All cried: 'Let Malacoda then go near;' On which one moved, the others standing still. ... Canto 21. Themes and Colors Key LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Inferno, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Il capolavoro di Dante Alighieri IN ANIMAZIONE 3D! ... 21 Mentr'io là giù fisamente mirava, lo duca mio, dicendo «Guarda, guarda!», mi trasse a sé del loco dov'io stava. As in the Arsenal of the Venetians Boils in the winter the tenacious pitch Read expert analysis on Dante's Inferno Canto 21 at Owl Eyes. Il capolavoro di Dante Alighieri IN ANIMAZIONE 3D! If former caution thou dost not forget, Dost thou not mark how each his teeth doth grind, The while toward us their brows are full of threat?' Canto XXI: Summary: The next valley held a pool of boiling tar, which reminded Dante of the pitch the Venetians used to patch up their ships. Her back was turned and herears closed as in a proud indifference to the noise of party conflictswhich filled the rest of Italy. Inferno Introduction + Context. that it will appear from Canto xxi.that Dante began his journey in MCCCI.--The hour is now five hoursbefore that at which the earthquake happened which took place at thedeath of Jesus. Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. We may infer that theconversation of Virgil and Dante turned on foreknowledge of the future. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. Canto I The poem begins on the night of Maundy Thursday on March 24 (or April 7), AD 1300, shortly before dawn of Good Friday. Canto XXI: Summary: The next valley held a pool of boiling tar, which reminded Dante of the pitch the Venetians used to patch up their ships. argomento del canto. In order to parse the dramaâs linear unfolding, I have divided the drama into four narrative blocks or âactsâ. Inferno Canto 21 - Figure retoriche Qui di seguito trovate tutte le figure retoriche del ventunesimo canto dell'Inferno . Controversial Comedy was published in Inferno on page 287. Inferno Canto XXI (the Eighth Circle, Fifth Pouch: the Barrators) Our first impression of this next pouch is that it’s really dark. Last Updated on June 1, 2019, by eNotes Editorial. Chapter Summary for Dante Alighieri's Inferno, canto 21 summary. FOOTNOTES: --Thesinner has come to the surface, bent as if in an attitude of prayer,when he is met by this taunt. Circle 8 Bolgia 5 The Senator from Lucca When Dante and Virgil first enter Bolgia 5, they see a demon arrive with a Senator of Lucca and throw him into the pitch. But, as appears further on, he is misleading them. Inferno Introduction + Context. What is the relationship between Dante the Author and Dante the Pilgrim from Dante's Inferno? 2. Inferno, ventiquattresimo canto: commento e riassunto in prosa. Read Canto XXI of The Divine Comedy by Dante. In Dante's Inferno, what are the sins Dante himself committed? Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. The punishment of the barrators bears arelation to their sins. So dark, in fact, that Dante takes a good long time comparing it to the color of the tar manufactured by the Venetian arsenal and used to fix their ships. No evidence The Punishment: The grafters' souls are placed into a massive boiling pit of a murky The top of the ascent Holding, we halted the next pit to spy Of Malebolge, with plaints bootless all: There, darkness full of wonder met the eye. The journey must therefore be taken to have begun on Fridaythe 25th March, a fortnight before the Good Friday of 1300; and,counting strictly from the incarnation, on the first day of 1301--thefirst day of the new century. Ah me, how fierce was he of countenance! Canto 23. Log in here. Summary: Canto XXI Entering the Fifth Pouch of the Eighth Circle of Hell, Dante sees “an astounding darkness.” The darkness is a great pit filled with a kind of boiling tar similar to what the Venetians used to patch their ships (XXI.6). Circle Eight: Bolgia Five -- Grafters. 23, we find Dante giving his reasons forbelieving that Jesus, at His death, had just completed His thirty-fourthyear. Inferno: Canto XXI From bridge to bridge thus, speaking other things Of which my Comedy cares not to sing, We came along, and held the summit, when We halted to behold another fissure Of Malebolge and other vain laments; And I beheld it marvellously dark. Then he a hundred hooks was made to feel. Inferno - Canto XX Canto XXI, il quale tratta de le pene ne le quali sono puniti coloro che commisero baratteria, nel quale vizio abbomina li lucchesi; e qui tratta di dieci demoni, ministri a l’offizio di questo luogo; e cogliesi qui il tempo che fue compilata per Dante questa opera. It embraces roughly two and one-third canti: canto 21, canto 22, and the first 57 verses of canto 23. While Dante was watching the tar, Virgil warned him to look out. G. Stradano, Gli indovini (1587) Come 'l viso mi scese in lor più basso, mirabilmente apparve esser travolto ... 21 quando la nostra imagine di presso vidi sì torta, che ’l pianto de li occhi le natiche bagnava per lo fesso. He from our bridge: 'Ho, Malebranche!  _Santa Zita's town_: Zita was a holy serving-woman of Lucca, whodied some time between 1270 and 1280, and whose miracle-working body isstill preserved in the church of San Frediano. Let these go safe, till at the bridge they be, Which doth unbroken o'er the caverns go.' Turning around, he saw a black demon racing up, carrying a sinner which he cast into the pool, calling out to the other deomns, the Malebranche, that it was an elder of Saint Zita. ... 21 Mentr'io là giù fisamente mirava, lo duca mio, dicendo «Guarda, guarda!», mi trasse a sé del loco dov'io stava. So we find Boccaccio in his unfinishedcommentary saying in _Inf._ iii. I wish no company. Inferno, ventunesimo canto: commento e riassunto in prosa. The poets climb to the top of the stony chasm that ends the eighth circle and they begin their approach to the ninth and final circle, which is a great, dark pit filled with ice and cold, strong winds caused by Lucifer beating his wings. Inferno Canto XXI (the Eighth Circle, Fifth Pouch: the Barrators) Our first impression of this next pouch is that it’s really dark. Inferno Canto 22 Summary & Analysis | LitCharts. The poets climb to the top of the stony chasm that ends the eighth circle and they begin their approach to the ninth and final circle, which is a great, dark pit filled with ice and cold, strong winds caused by Lucifer beating his wings. As in the Arsenal of the Venetians Boils in the winter the tenacious pitch Hang them!' The commentators give a name to thissinner, but it is only guesswork. He coming said: 'What will this help him here?' CANTO XXI. Il Canto XXI è il primo atto di una grottesca «commedia infernale» che avrà la sua conclusione nel Canto XXII e una sorta di appendice all'inizio e alla fine del XXIII, con protagonisti i due poeti, i Malebranche, i barattieri della V Bolgia.  _Each bit his tongue, etc._: The demons, aware of the cheat playedby Malacoda, show their devilish humour by making game of Virgil andDante.--Benvenuto is amazed that a man so involved in his own thoughtsas Dante was, should have been such a close observer of low life as thispassage shows him. argomento del canto. This brings us to the date of 1300 A.D. Dante compares the pitch to the material used to caulk the seams of ships. ‘The Inferno, Canto 21’ was created by Gustave Dore in Romanticism style. Ere I by any of your hooks be touched, Come one of you and to my words give ear; And then advise you if I should be clutched.'  Grip An Elder brought from Santa Zita's town: Stuff him below; myself once more I slip Back to the place where lack of such is none. If death was at 3:00 p.m., as the gospels declare, then the contact with Belzecue occurred at 10:00 a.m. Dante’s apprehension about the demons who will accompany them is foreshadowing of later occurrences as Belzecue gives them false directions in order to entrap them.
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